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The Military-Industrial Complex

By Pasi Hurri

 

Desperate times call for desperate measures, and often times, brilliant innovation. A robust system of checks and balances is how we remain resilient in times of desperation.

 

Last month I spent a couple of days in Washington D.C., mostly in a conference room called Eisenhower – with his pictures and speeches covering the walls.

 

In his farewell address in 1961, President Eisenhower warned the U.S. about the increasing power of the ‘military-industrial complex’, referring to the close relation of the armed forces and the industry producing weapons and other materials for them. Said speech did not make it to these walls, perhaps because our kind host happened to be the National Defense Industry Association (NDIA).

 

Eisenhower, a five-star general, was a distinguished soldier-turned-politician, and continues to be greatly admired by the U.S. general public, industry and current politicians alike.

 

His achievements include the establishment of the Defense Advanced Research Agency (DARPA), a unique group of engineers and scientists who among other innovations created ARPANET – the precursor of the Internet.

 

This blog text has been transported to you by TCP/IP, the ARPANET protocol almost unchanged from 1969 to this day.

 

President Eisenhower’s concern was very valid, as the complex evolved quickly after the Second World War and was initially lacking the checks and balances structure typical for American administration. When you have companies making profit from weapons, war becomes a business and individual company goals might not always align with what is best for a nation as a whole.

 

The close cooperation of the military and industry is naturally not exclusive to the U.S. Here in Finland, companies like Nokia gained unmatched expertise in radio technologies as it supplied to and in 1981 acquired Televa, a company the Ministry of Defence had organized in 1945 to research tactical radio technologies.

 

Televa’s major developments include DX200, the iconic telephone exchange which later formed the basis for switched mobile networks.

 

It is also not a coincidence that Nokia’s first portable phone Mobira Talkman closely resembles the LV217 ‘battalion’ military radio, still used for training. Most of us in the Finnish military reserve remember at least its weight.

 

I see that one of the hallmarks of a successful nation is a healthy checks-and-balances relationship between the military and private companies. In Finland, this is greatly supported by the universal (only male, unfortunately still) – conscription, which creates a natural framework for cooperation of different people and industries in form of mandatory and voluntary reserve exercises.

 

For me personally, the honor to serve in the Air Force back in the beginning of the 90’s profoundly influenced my engineering thinking when it comes to mission critical & sustainable systems, deep situational awareness and real time sensor data management.

 

In today’s IoT world, these areas are more important than ever. I established BaseN proudly on these military shoulders.

 

By Pasi Hurri

 

The Defence Industry Dialogue is an open, neutral platform providing active support, facilitation, connections, and insights. To learn more about the work we do, contact Kristina Sweet.

 

*The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of Amcham Finland or its affiliates.